Growing Cannabis in Saskatchewan

Cannabis cultivation has become a topic of increasing interest in many parts of the world, including in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. The relatively recent legalization of recreational cannabis use in Canada, under the Cannabis Act in October 2018, has prompted a surge of interest among both commercial growers and hobbyists. Saskatchewan, with its unique climate and growing conditions, presents both challenges and opportunities for cannabis cultivation. This article delves into the intricacies of growing cannabis in Saskatchewan, providing insight into the province’s climate, best practices for cultivation, and relevant legal guidelines.

Saskatchewan’s Climate and its Implications for Cannabis Cultivation

Saskatchewan’s Varied Climate

Saskatchewan experiences a continental climate, characterized by cold winters and warm summers. The province is landlocked and lacks major bodies of water, resulting in significant temperature fluctuations between seasons. Summers can be warm with temperatures often reaching 25°C (77°F) or higher, while winters can be bitterly cold, with temperatures sometimes dropping below -40°C (-40°F).

Implications for Growing Cannabis

These extreme temperature fluctuations present a challenge for outdoor cannabis cultivation. Cannabis plants, particularly those strains native to equatorial regions, prefer consistent temperatures between 20°C to 30°C (68°F to 86°F). Prolonged exposure to temperatures below 12°C (54°F) can stunt growth or even kill the plant. Therefore, many growers in Saskatchewan opt for indoor growing or use greenhouses to maintain more consistent growing conditions.

Best Practices for Cultivating Cannabis in Saskatchewan

Choosing the Right Strain

Due to the unique climate of Saskatchewan, it is crucial for growers to select strains that are resilient and can withstand temperature fluctuations. Indica strains, which are typically shorter and bushier with faster flowering times, are often preferred over sativa strains for outdoor growing.

Soil and Nutrients

The soil in Saskatchewan is known for being fertile, particularly in the southern parts of the province. However, cannabis plants require well-draining soil to prevent root rot. Adding perlite or vermiculite can improve soil drainage. Regular testing and adjusting of soil pH, as well as the provision of essential nutrients, can optimize cannabis growth.

Utilizing the Growing Season

The growing season in Saskatchewan is relatively short due to its long winters. To make the most of this period, growers can start seedlings indoors in late winter and transplant them outdoors after the last frost, usually in late May or early June.

Indoor vs. Outdoor Cultivation

Indoor Cultivation

Given the harsh winters, many Saskatchewan growers prefer indoor cultivation. This method allows for year-round growing and greater control over environmental conditions such as light, temperature, and humidity. However, it also demands a higher initial investment in equipment and has increased energy costs.

Outdoor Cultivation

Outdoor cultivation is less expensive but more susceptible to environmental challenges. Using greenhouses or hoop houses can help mitigate some of these challenges by extending the growing season and providing protection from the elements.

Legal Guidelines for Cannabis Cultivation in Saskatchewan

Personal Cultivation

Following federal guidelines under the Cannabis Act, Saskatchewan residents are allowed to grow up to four cannabis plants per household for personal use. These plants must not be visible from public spaces off the property.

Commercial Cultivation

Those interested in commercial cannabis cultivation must obtain a license from Health Canada. Additionally, growers need to be aware of provincial regulations governing the distribution and sale of cannabis products.

Future Prospects and Challenges

The cannabis industry in Saskatchewan is still in its nascent stages, and as it matures, growers are likely to face both challenges and opportunities. Factors such as changing climate patterns, technological advancements in cultivation techniques, and evolving market demands can all influence the future of cannabis cultivation in the province. Continuous research and innovation will be key for Saskatchewan’s growers to remain competitive in the national and global cannabis markets.


Growing cannabis in Saskatchewan presents a unique set of challenges, primarily due to its continental climate. However, with careful strain selection, adaptation of cultivation techniques, and adherence to legal guidelines, both hobbyist and commercial growers can achieve success in the province. As the industry continues to evolve, Saskatchewan has the potential to become a significant player in Canada’s cannabis market.