Growing Cannabis in Florida

Growing cannabis in Florida presents unique opportunities and challenges due to the state’s subtropical climate, varying legal frameworks, and specific pest and disease pressures. While the warm temperatures and humid conditions can be beneficial for robust cannabis growth, they can also pose potential threats if growers are not adequately prepared. This article provides a comprehensive overview of the key aspects to consider when cultivating cannabis in the Sunshine State.

Historical and Legal Context

Historically, Florida maintained strict laws against cannabis cultivation. However, the state has gradually evolved its position on the plant. In 2016, voters approved Amendment 2, which expanded the medical use of cannabis. While the state has not yet legalized cannabis for adult recreational use, medical cannabis cultivation has become a significant industry in Florida.

Those interested in cultivating cannabis in Florida should be familiar with the state’s specific legal requirements. Cultivators must acquire appropriate licenses from the Florida Department of Health’s Office of Medical Marijuana Use (OMMU) and adhere to rigorous state-mandated regulations.

Climate and Growing Seasons

Florida’s subtropical climate offers an extended growing season, but cultivators must understand the state’s distinct regional differences:

North Florida

Experiences cooler winters, which can sometimes be unsuitable for growing cannabis outdoors year-round without protection.

Central Florida

Offers a more balanced climate, with mild winters and warm summers.

South Florida

Boasts a nearly tropical climate, allowing for year-round cultivation in many cases.

Despite these differences, Florida’s long daylight hours during the summer and high humidity levels can be advantageous for cannabis growth. However, it’s also essential to be prepared for frequent rainfall, which can present challenges.

Pest and Disease Management

Florida’s warm and humid climate is conducive to a range of pests and diseases. Some of the most common threats to cannabis cultivation in Florida include:

Powdery Mildew

This fungal disease thrives in humid environments. Growers can manage it through proper ventilation, ensuring plants are not overcrowded, and using organic fungicides.

Spider Mites

These pests can quickly infest a cannabis garden, especially in hot conditions. Regular inspection and natural predators, like ladybugs, can help manage these pests.

Root Rot

Excessive moisture, especially in the root zone, can lead to this destructive condition. Proper drainage, careful watering practices, and the use of anti-fungal agents can mitigate its impact.

Selecting the Right Strain

Given Florida’s unique climate, strain selection is vital for successful cultivation. Some cannabis strains thrive in humid, warm conditions, while others may be more prone to mold and disease.

When selecting a strain, consider:


Opt for strains known for their resilience in similar climates. Strains originating from tropical or subtropical regions may fare better in Florida.

Flowering Time

In areas prone to hurricanes or excessive rainfall, strains with shorter flowering times might be advantageous to harvest before peak hurricane season.

Indoor vs. Outdoor Cultivation

While Florida’s climate can support outdoor cannabis cultivation, many growers opt for indoor operations to have greater control over the growing environment. Here are some considerations for each method:

Outdoor Cultivation

This method can produce large yields due to natural sunlight and expansive growth space. However, plants are more exposed to pests, diseases, and unpredictable weather conditions.

Indoor Cultivation

Allows for precise control over temperature, humidity, and light cycles. This often results in high-quality cannabis but can be more expensive due to the costs of setting up and maintaining an indoor growing space.


Growing cannabis in Florida offers immense potential due to the state’s favorable climate and extended growing season. However, success hinges on understanding the unique challenges posed by the environment and legal landscape. By staying informed and adapting strategies accordingly, growers can reap bountiful harvests in the Sunshine State.