Cannabis Strains in Quebec

Cannabis, popularly known as marijuana, has a rich history of cultivation and use around the world. With the legalization of recreational cannabis in Canada in 2018, each province and territory has established its framework for the production, sale, and consumption of cannabis. In Quebec, the landscape of cannabis culture and cultivation has flourished, giving rise to numerous strains, some of which have achieved global recognition. This article will explore the prominence of different cannabis strains in Quebec, their features, and their importance in the global market.

Historical Background

Early Cannabis Use in Quebec

Prior to the legalization in 2018, cannabis had been popular among residents of Quebec for several decades. Like much of North America, the 1960s and 1970s saw a counterculture revolution in Quebec, leading to an increase in cannabis consumption among its youth. Although illegal, many underground growers developed their strains, adapting them to the unique climate and growing conditions of the region.

Legal Framework

In 2018, the Cannabis Act (or Bill C-45) passed in Canada, legalizing recreational cannabis use. In response, Quebec formulated its guidelines regarding the sale, production, and consumption of cannabis. The Société québécoise du cannabis (SQDC) was established to oversee the legal retail of cannabis products in the province. Since legalization, there has been an emphasis on promoting Quebec-grown strains, both for economic reasons and to celebrate the province’s unique cannabis culture.

Unique Growing Conditions

Quebec boasts a varied climate, with cold winters and warm summers. This presents challenges and opportunities for cannabis cultivation.

Outdoor Cultivation

Many growers opt for outdoor cultivation during the warmer months. The advantage of outdoor growing in Quebec is the abundant sunlight during the summer, allowing plants to achieve their full potential. Some strains have been specifically bred to endure the colder onset in the early fall, making them uniquely suited for Quebec’s conditions.

Indoor Cultivation

Due to the harsh winters, indoor cultivation is also prevalent. Here, growers have the advantage of controlling every aspect of the environment, from lighting to humidity. This has led to the development of strains that thrive under artificial lights and specific indoor conditions.

Prominent Quebec Strains

Over the years, various strains have either been developed in Quebec or have become particularly popular within the province.

Jean Guy

A sativa-dominant strain, Jean Guy has become synonymous with Quebec’s cannabis culture. It is known for its lemony aroma and uplifting effects. The strain has gained recognition outside of Quebec, being praised for its potency and therapeutic benefits, particularly in managing symptoms of pain and depression.

Quebec Gold

As the name suggests, this strain is considered one of the gold standards in the Quebec cannabis community. Quebec Gold is an indica-dominant hybrid, renowned for its powerful relaxing effects, making it ideal for evening use.


M-39 is a classic strain, popular in Quebec for decades. This indica-leaning hybrid is sought after for its stress-relieving properties and has a subtle lemon-citrus flavor profile.

Impact on Global Market

With Canada’s national legalization and Quebec’s rich history of cannabis cultivation, the province has become an influential player on the international cannabis stage.

Export and Recognition

Several Quebec strains have received international accolades, with growers and consumers worldwide recognizing their unique properties. The global market has seen increased demand for seeds and products from prominent Quebec strains.

Research and Development

Quebec has also positioned itself at the forefront of cannabis research. The province’s institutions and companies are continuously researching and developing new strains to cater to various medical and recreational needs, ensuring Quebec remains a key player in the evolving global cannabis narrative.

Future Prospects

With the cannabis industry continuously evolving, Quebec’s prominence is expected to grow. The province’s focus on quality, combined with its rich history, positions it uniquely in the global market. As research into the benefits and applications of cannabis continues, Quebec is likely to be at the forefront, both in terms of innovative strains and the broader acceptance and understanding of cannabis in society.


Quebec’s influence in the world of cannabis strains is undeniable. From its rich history of underground cultivation to its current status as a key player in the global market, Quebec has a unique and significant relationship with the plant. As the industry continues to grow and evolve, the province’s strains, and the culture surrounding them, will undoubtedly play an essential role in shaping the future of cannabis worldwide.