Cannabis Strains in Nova Scotia

Cannabis strains in Nova Scotia refer to the various types of the Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica plants cultivated and consumed within the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. Since the legalization of recreational cannabis in Canada on October 17, 2018, under the Cannabis Act, the province has seen a burgeoning industry in both cultivation and sale. This article explores the different strains, their characteristics, cultivation practices, regulations, and impact on the economy within the region.

Cannabis Strains

Cannabis Sativa

  1. Sativa Strains: These strains are known for their uplifting and energetic effects, often preferred for daytime use. Popular sativa strains in Nova Scotia include:
    • Haze: Known for its euphoric and creativity-enhancing effects.
    • Sour Diesel: Recognized for its energizing and mood-lifting properties.

Cannabis Indica

  1. Indica Strains: These strains are typically more relaxing and sedative, often used for relaxation and stress relief. Famous indica strains in Nova Scotia include:
    • Northern Lights: Famous for its calming and sleep-aiding effects.
    • Blueberry Kush: Known for its sweet taste and relaxing properties.

Hybrid Strains

  1. Hybrid Strains: Combining the genetics of both sativa and indica, these strains offer a balanced experience. Notable hybrids in Nova Scotia include:
    • Girl Scout Cookies: Offers a blend of euphoria and relaxation.
    • White Widow: Known for its strong effects and rich resin production.

Cultivation Practices

The cultivation of cannabis in Nova Scotia is both a commercial enterprise and a hobby for personal use. Under Canadian federal law, individuals are permitted to grow up to four cannabis plants per household for personal use.

Indoor Cultivation

Many growers prefer indoor cultivation due to the control over temperature, humidity, and lighting. This method often leads to higher yields and more consistent quality.

Outdoor Cultivation

Outdoor cultivation is embraced by some growers in Nova Scotia, taking advantage of the region’s fertile soil and relatively mild climate. However, the challenges of pests, weather fluctuations, and shorter growing seasons must be carefully managed.

Licensed Producers

Commercial cultivation in Nova Scotia must be conducted by federally licensed producers (LPs). These producers must adhere to strict regulations regarding quality control, security, and reporting to ensure a safe and consistent product.

Economic Impact

The cannabis industry has become an essential part of Nova Scotia’s economy. Some key points include:

Job Creation

The industry has created jobs in cultivation, retail, and other ancillary businesses.

Tax Revenue

Sales from cannabis products have provided significant tax revenue to both the provincial and federal governments.


The growth of cannabis tourism, including tours of cultivation facilities and cannabis-themed events, has contributed to the province’s tourism industry.

Regulations and Compliance

Nova Scotia’s cannabis industry operates within a robust regulatory framework to ensure public safety and responsible use. Regulations include:

Age Limitations

Cannabis products are only available to those 19 years of age and older.

Retail Sales

Sales are regulated through the Nova Scotia Liquor Corporation (NSLC), both in physical stores and online.

Driving Restrictions

Stringent laws are enforced against driving under the influence of cannabis.


Cannabis strains in Nova Scotia reflect a diverse and growing industry that has adapted to the unique climate, soil, and regulatory landscape of the province. The cultivation and sale of these strains have not only created economic opportunities but also provided a wide array of choices for consumers. Continuous research, responsible regulation, and adherence to best practices will likely continue to shape this vibrant sector in the years to come.