Cannabis Strains in Northern Territory

The Northern Territory (NT) of Australia has a unique climate and ecosystem, which, like other parts of the world, has influenced the development and characteristics of cannabis strains cultivated in the region. This article delves into the specifics of cannabis strains found and cultivated in the Northern Territory, their unique attributes, and the challenges and benefits of growing in this particular region.

Historical Context of Cannabis in Northern Territory

Before diving into the specific strains cultivated in the Northern Territory, it’s essential to understand the historical context of cannabis in the region. The use and cultivation of cannabis in Australia date back to the 19th century, with hemp plants grown for their fibres. However, the Northern Territory’s isolation and distinct climate meant that the introduction and cultivation of cannabis took a different trajectory than in other Australian regions.

In the latter half of the 20th century, as global cannabis culture grew, so did interest in cultivating the plant in the NT. The region saw an influx of strains from both international sources and inter-state exchanges. As a result, a unique blend of cannabis genetics started to emerge, influenced by the local conditions and cultivation practices.

Unique Climate and Its Impact on Cannabis Cultivation

The Northern Territory encompasses vast geographical and climatic variations, from tropical rainforests in the north to arid deserts in the south. This diversity affects the types of cannabis strains that can be successfully cultivated.

  • Tropical Climate: The northern part, including areas like Darwin, experiences a tropical climate with a wet and dry season. Cannabis strains cultivated here often need to be resistant to high humidity levels, mould, and pests that thrive in such conditions.
  • Arid Conditions: Moving further south to areas like Alice Springs, the climate becomes more arid. Here, cannabis strains must be drought-resistant and adapted to handle intense sunlight and dry conditions.

Given these climatic conditions, many growers in the Northern Territory have opted for strains that are hardy, robust, and versatile.

Notable Cannabis Strains in the Northern Territory

Over the years, several strains have proven successful in the Northern Territory, either because of their inherent genetic traits or because of selective breeding efforts.

  • Northern Lights: An internationally renowned strain, Northern Lights has found its way to the NT and has been successful because of its resilience to various climatic conditions. It’s known for its relaxing effects and has a sweet, earthy aroma.
  • Durban Poison: Originally from South Africa, this strain is well-suited for the Northern Territory’s tropical climate. Durban Poison is a pure sativa, known for its uplifting effects and sweet and spicy aroma.
  • Aussie Blues: A strain developed in Australia, Aussie Blues is a sativa-dominant hybrid that is resistant to many pests and moulds. It’s known for its cerebral effects and a distinct blueberry aroma.

Challenges and Benefits of Growing in the Northern Territory

Growing cannabis in the Northern Territory presents both unique challenges and benefits.


  • Pests and Diseases: The tropical climate, especially in the northern parts, can lead to an increased risk of pests and moulds. Growers often need to be vigilant and implement preventive measures.
  • Water Scarcity: In the more arid regions, water can be a scarce resource, making it imperative for growers to use water-efficient cultivation methods.
  • Regulations: Cannabis cultivation, even for medical purposes, requires adherence to strict regulations and can be illegal without the necessary permissions.


  • Extended Growing Season: The warm climate allows for an extended growing season, sometimes permitting multiple harvests in a year.
  • Unique Strain Development: The unique climatic conditions have led to the development and refinement of strains that are specifically adapted to the NT’s conditions.
  • Cannabis Tourism: With the growing global interest in cannabis, the Northern Territory has the potential to become a hub for cannabis-related tourism, much like regions in California or Canada.


The Northern Territory’s unique climatic conditions have played a significant role in shaping the cannabis strains cultivated in the region. While there are challenges to growing in this area, the benefits and potential for unique strain development make the Northern Territory a fascinating region in the global cannabis landscape. As the legal and societal frameworks around cannabis continue to evolve, it will be interesting to observe how the strains and cultivation practices in the NT develop in tandem.